This page offers a series of links to articles, journals and videos that will help you go deeper into the issues around Article 18 and Freedom of Religion or Belief.


Freedom of Religion or Belief Toolkit – how the FCO can help promote respect for this human right
updated 2016

EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief
FOREIGN AFFAIRS Council meeting Luxembourg, 24 June 2013

WCC-CCIA:an anthology of documents pertaining to religious freedom

Misperceptions of Freedom of Religion or Belief
An important article by Special Rapporteur Heiner Bielefeldt, published in Human Rights Quarterly, February 2013.

Advancing Freedom of Religion or Belief: Agendas for Change
Professor Malcolm Evans’ key 2011 Lambeth Inter Faith Lecture

Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
By Prof. Dr. Jorge Rodrigues Simao, published 2015

Freedom of Expression and Freedom of Religion
By Baroness O’Neill of Bengarve, 19 October 2015 lecture published by Theos

The Price of Freedom Denied: Religious Persecution and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century
By Brian J. Grim and Roger Finke, published 2011

The Right of the Child to Religious Freedom in International Law
By Sylvie Langlaude
The child’s right to religious freedom in international law has never been considered in a comprehensive fashion, yet key issues include the prevention of indoctrination, religious clothing, the relationship of the child with parents and religious communities, and the duties of the state to the child. Building on a sociological analysis of religious children, a body of international legal materials is analysed against a theoretical model of what the child’s right ought to be. This book is the first attempt at analysing what international law says on the question, the result is a compelling analysis of the definitive position of international law on the child’s right to religious freedom.

Reports of the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief

Interim report of the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief published August 2017

Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion and belief published January 2017

The broad range of violations of freedom of religion or belief, their root causes and variables published August 2016

Two closely interrelated rights: freedom of religion or belief and freedom of opinion and expression published December 2015

The rights of the child and his or her parents in the area of freedom of religion or belief published August 2015

Preventing violence committed in the name of religion published December 2014

Tackling religious intolerance and discrimination in the workplace published August 2014

Tackling manifestations of collective religious hatred published December 2013

Freedom of religion or belief and equality between men and women published August 2013

Freedom of religion or belief of persons belonging to religious minorities published December 2012

Right of conversion published August 2012

Recognition published December 2011

Rapporteur’s Digest on Freedom of Religion or Belief
Excerpts of the Reports from 1986 to 2011 by the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief Arranged by Topics of the Framework for Communications
The Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief is an independent expert appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council. The mandate holder has been invited to identify existing and emerging obstacles to the enjoyment of the right to freedom of religion or belief and present recommendations on ways and means to overcome such obstacles. This digest is a key resource to understanding the issues brought to the attention of the UN over 25 years.


Oxford Journal of Law and Religion

The June 14 issue includes the following article: 

Religion and the Nigerian State: Situating the de facto and de jure Frontiers of State–Religion Relations and its Implications for National Security

Religion, State and Society

Religion and Human Rights

Law and Justice Christian Law Review

Georgetown Journal of International Affairs – Faith and Freedom


The Freedom of Religion or Belief
A Lecture by Prof. Dr. Heiner Bielefeldt, UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, given at the Institute for Cultural Diplomacy Berlin International Human Rights Conference in 2010

Religious Freedom and Foreign Policy
On April 16, 2015, the British Council, the Religion Newswriters Foundation, the Center on Religion and the Professions at Missouri School of Journalism, Lancaster University (UK), and the Religious Freedom Center of the Newseum Institute assembled a panel of experts for a lively dialogue about the role of religious freedom in foreign policy.


Good wishes to all commemorating Ashura today

The Officers of the UK All Party Parliamentary Group for International Freedom of Religion or Belief send their …

EU Parliament FoRB group presents new annual report

On 4 September 2018, the European Parliament Intergroup on Freedom of Religion or Belief and Religious Tolerance …

The politics of religious freedom as seen from Egypt and the USA

Two thoughtful articles published today highlight the clash between ideals of religious freedom and other aspects …

A Government Ambassador on Freedom of Religion or Belief?

House of Lords 19 July Baroness Berridge To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans, if any, they have to …

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