The event was hosted by Theresa Villiers MP, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. She described how she had become involved in the issue of the persecution of Christians ‘because my constituents asked me to be’, a sentiment echoed by many of the MPs who attended the launch.
Lisa Pearce, CEO of Open Doors UK & Ireland, closed the event. “Freedom of religion and belief… is the canary in the coal mine of human rights – around the world once that goes, once that is eroded, other rights very quickly follow,” she said.
The key findings in the report are:
- The persecution of Christians has increased… across every region in which Open Doors works
- Religious extremism – Islamic, Hindu and Buddhist – is the greatest source of persecution of Christians
- As well as in the Middle East, Islamic extremism has a second and powerfully destructive hub in sub-Saharan Africa
- Daesh violence is radicalising Muslims and therefore increasing pressure on Christians in many countries
- The state is still a major source of persecution; but increasingly extremism is a cross-border phenomenon
- Conflict and failed nation states result in increased levels of persecution
- Never before have so many Christians been on the move
- Gender violence is a weapon of persecution: women and girls are on the frontline
- Eritrea, Pakistan, Libya, China, India, Burma, Niger and Bahrain are countries of special concern; Latin America and Central Asia are regions of special concern
- North Korea is still the most difficult place in the world to be a Christian.
The report is written on the basis of the research material produced by the Open Doors International Research Unit for its annual World Watch List. This highlights the 50 countries where it is most difficult to live as a Christian, and is produced on the basis of a global survey distributed through Open Doors networks and augmented by academic and media reports. It describes the degree of freedom Christians have to live out their faith in five spheres of life – private, family, community, national and church life – plus a sixth sphere measuring levels of violence. The methodology provides ‘persecution points’ for each sphere.